The traditonal massage is also known as Swedish massage. Usually the Swedish fencer and gymnastic Per Henrik Ling is seen as the founder of this massage, but the Dutch Johan Georg Metzer came up with the French terms, in which he described the massage. In this form Western knowledge of health care and Eastern philosophy play an important role. The Swedish massage is probably one of the most used massage forms.
In the traditional massage the masseur kneads and rubs according the blood flow in the direction of the heart, to stimulate the blood circulation. This enhances the absorption of nutrients and the drainage of toxins. The joints are massaged as well, to increase the freedom of movement. The massage calms down the nervous system and strenghtens the immune system. It increases the production of oxytocin, a hormone that reduces pain and enhances your mood. The traditional massage consists of four basic techniques:
With effleurages, light to medium heavy gliding movements in the length direction of the muscles are made. This enhances the absorption of nutrients and the drainage of toxins.
Petrissages or kneadings are meant to loosen up the muscles.
Intermittent pressure mainly influences the blood- and lymphatic circulation. By rythmic movement pumping action arises in the direction of the heart, with the absorption of nutrients and the drainage of toxins as an effect.
Friction causes a local effect. Adhesions are loosened up and the blood flow is being stimulated.